Zero-knowledge is a type of verification method in which two parties, a prover, and a verifier, share specific data without disclosing the information. The phrase ‘zero knowledge’ originates from the fact that the initial party, the prover, does not reveal any details (zero information) yet still proves the statement as factual.

On the other hand, the second party, the verifier, believes that the prover comprehends the information. Cryptographers mainly utilize this verification process to enhance privacy and security.

Zero-knowledge Proof Requirements

Real-life Utilization of Zero-knowledge

Best Practices When Considering Zero-knowledge