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Is Tor Legal? Understanding the Legal Concerns of Using Tor

Last updated: April 22, 2024 12 min read
Is Tor Legal Understanding the Legal Concerns of Using Tor

The Tor browser is renowned worldwide for promoting freedom, anonymity, and online privacy. Tor protects users from online tracking and surveillance while granting access to the hidden and unindexed websites of the dark web. Considering the above-mentioned characteristics, one can be curious whether Tor is legal to use. This article discusses important concerns about the legality of Tor, its pros and cons, and how you can increase your security using a VPN on Tor.

The Tor Network is well-known for enabling internet geeks to keep private and anonymous online. It implements a unique mechanism to encrypt users’ traffic, which is by using Nodes. These nodes are virtual run servers that establish a network that helps browse the web anonymously. Since Tor is often associated with the dark web and illegal activity. There are many legal concerns about the usage of this browser. 

So, is Tor legal? To put it simply, it is. However, you may get into legal problems if you utilize it for illicit purposes like drug trafficking or downloading pornographic material. Users are in danger since using the Tor browser and network is prohibited in several countries, including China, South Africa, Russia, and Iran.

One way to increase your digital security on Tor is by using a VPN. It boosts your online anonymity and defeats state censorship. Known for its remarkable security features, fast speed, large server network, and advanced encryption protocols, ExtremeVPN is your best bet available.

Stick together as we uncover more about the Tor’s legality. Let’s dive in!

What is Tor?

What is Tor

Tor, previously known as “The Onion Router,” is often lauded for its ability to enable anonymous web browsing. It caters to various users, ranging from human rights activists avoiding oppressive governments to online drug dealers conducting transactions on marketplaces. Tor offers an extensive level of anonymity in comparison to regular online activities. However, it’s also worth noting that Tor has its limitations, and if not used correctly, it may create a misleading sense of security.

In this article, our objective is to provide a comprehensive understanding of Tor, showcasing its capabilities and limitations. We will explore how Tor functions, compare it to VPN services and discuss essential safety measures. By the end, you’ll have a thorough knowledge of Tor, empowering you to use it confidently without falling into common pitfalls that could compromise your online anonymity.

What Does Tor Do?

The Tor Browser is similar to any standard web browser. While the startup process differs slightly, as Tor configures a connection to its network before initiating the browser, the actual web browsing experience with Tor is quite intuitive, resembling that of Chrome or Firefox.

The key difference lies in the enhanced privacy features offered by Tor. When you use Tor to surf the web, your genuine IP address and other system details remain concealed from the websites you visit. Furthermore, it shields your online activities from scrutiny by your ISP. 

Tor serves several essential benefits as follows:

  • Visiting websites anonymously
  • Bypassing censorship and surveillance
  • Accessing Tor hidden services (.onion sites)

Is Tor Browser Safe and Private?


Tor plays a crucial role in establishing an online environment centered on freedom and privacy. It allows users to navigate the internet without the constant surveillance of hackers, governments, or employers, reinforcing the right to publish and freedom of speech. In the realm of online safety and anonymity, Tor stands out as a commendable initiative.

Despite this, Tor has encountered a fair portion of safety difficulties. Diverse official establishments, such as the CIA and the FBI, have succeeded in bypassing and violating Tor’s security, resulting in the identification and pursuit of individuals involved in unlawful activities. In 2017, a vulnerability in Tor’s system exposed the IP addresses of Linux and macOS, compromising the secrecy of the browser. 

It is essential to acknowledge that even with the Tor browser, unveiling your online identity and information is possible. To truly enhance your online protection, combining Tor with a VPN connection is advisable. This combined approach ensures that your online traffic is safeguarded through two distinct techniques, providing an additional coating of encryption to safeguard your privacy and anonymity.

Tor’s Advantages and Disadvantages



  • Free accessibility: Like any other browser, Tor is freely accessible on Android, Linux, macOS, and Windows and ensures availability for users across platforms. The Tor network also offers its application for Android users.
  • Open-source flexibility: Tor operates as an open-source project, allowing users to download and customize the source code freely.
  • Independence and driven by volunteers: Because it operates with the support of dedicated volunteers, Tor does not depend on proprietary services. This self-reliance shields it from external influences, as it becomes an invaluable asset impervious to governmental or legislative control. 
  • Robust encryption: Tor safeguards online activities by ensuring they cannot be traced back to individual users, prioritizing user privacy through powerful encryption techniques. Every connection in Tor uses TLS link encryption, which secures user activities using the browser. The Onion routing effectively encrypts the connection, safely conceals the IP address, and protects a user’s confidential data.
  • Concealing IP address: By default, Tor conceals your IP address, guaranteeing that your true location remains concealed, thereby providing an extra layer of privacy. 
  • Access to .onion websites: Tor enables users to explore hidden sections of the Internet, granting access to .onion websites and the darker corners of the web. 


  • Mixed reputation: Although privacy-conscious individuals primarily employ Tor, it has also attracted criminal elements. Consequently, some services may be blocked due to the association with Tor’s mixed reputation, potentially impeding access to legitimate websites. 
  • Reduced speed: Tor connections often exhibit slower speeds than regular connections due to the intricate process of routing traffic through numerous nodes and employing iterative encryption methods.

Can We Use the Tor Browser Legally?


The legality of Tor generally depends on the intended use. Legal activities like regular web browsing or content streaming pose minimal concerns in most countries.

However, the Tor browser is commonly linked to the dark web, a realm popular for unlawful pursuits. Using Tor for illicit activities can result in legal repercussions involving law enforcement.

Some prevalent illegal activities conducted on the dark web through Tor include:

  • Human trafficking
  • Selling drugs and psychotropic substances
  • Introduction of various types of viruses, such as killware and worms
  • Sharing sexually explicit content, ranging from child porn to revenge pornography
  • Buying and selling of stolen credentials, like credit card and account information

Silk Road and Tor: Highlighting the Dark Web’s Continuous Challenges


Silk Road stands out as a well-known example of Tor’s illicit use. This online marketplace gained notoriety for trading illegal weapons, drugs, and various prohibited items. Despite authorities tracing and shutting down the website, similar dark web marketplaces will likely exist.

The association of Tor with illegal activities on the dark web has been etched in the public consciousness, mainly due to high-profile cases like the Silk Road. The dark web provides a quick and easily accessible platform for setting up illegal markets and forums, leveraging the Tor browser for such purposes, even though that wasn’t its primary intent.

Engaging with these platforms and pages through the Tor browser is unlawful, inviting legal repercussions. The mere use of the Tor network can lead to legal troubles in certain countries, a topic we will discuss into in the following section.

Countries that Banned the Tor Network?


The use of Tor, with its inherent anonymity, poses challenges to the surveillance and law enforcement efforts of several nations. This becomes particularly worrisome for authoritarian regimes that seek complete control over their residents. Consequently, many nations have attempted to restrict the Tor network by either blocking its website or shutting down its relays.

Some noteworthy examples include:

  • Russia
  • Iran
  • Armenia
  • China
  • Mongolia
  • Egypt
  • South Africa

Besides China, the Tor network remains accessible in most of these countries through mirrors and proxies. However, caution is advised when using the Tor browser in these regions. While authorities are unlikely to apprehend users solely for browser usage, there is a high suspicion surrounding Tor’s use in these countries.

This suspicion stems partly from Tor’s association with illegal activities. However, it disregards the legal and constructive applications of Tor’s anonymity. The upcoming section will illuminate these lawful uses of Tor.

Is Tor Legal Understanding the Legal Concerns of Using Tor

Achieving anonymous and private internet access is crucial for various legal professions, particularly in nations where restrictions on freedom of speech, dissent, and criticism are severe. In such environments, anonymous access becomes even more vital.

Several legal uses of Tor are evident:

  1. Journalists operating in authoritarian regimes utilize Tor to safeguard their sources and shield themselves from potential retaliatory actions by oppressive regimes.
  2. Political dissidents turn to Tor as a tool for organizing rallies and protests, particularly on critical human rights issues.
  3. Whistleblowers find value in Tor to maintain the privacy of their information and evade detection. While whistleblowing occupies a legal grey area due to potential involvement in leaking official state secrets, which is considered a criminal activity in many nations, this is discussed further in the next section.
  4. Law enforcement officials leverage Tor to conduct surveillance and track down criminals.
  5. Cybersecurity and IT professionals employ the Tor network for Penetration Testing, simulating real-world malicious hacker attacks to evaluate and enhance security protocols.

As previously mentioned, whistleblowers frequently turn to Tor as a protective measure against potential retaliation from governments or other entities affected by their disclosures. While it’s crucial to expose potentially harmful activities, whistleblowing can cross into illegality when it involves leaking state secrets, as illustrated by Edward Snowden’s case.


In 2013, Edward Snowden utilized Tor to disclose confidential NSA documents to the public. The act of uncovering and leaking state documents constitutes a crime under American law. Consequently, the US Government charged him under the Espionage Act, marking him as a wanted criminal.

Snowden advocated for the use of the Tor browser as a means for others to maintain anonymity and exercise their right to publish freely. As per him, this is one of the few ways to stay anonymous and evade scrutiny from government bodies and official organizations, such as the NSA in the USA.

Despite the legal repercussions he faced, many argue that Snowden’s actions were justified. They question whether citizens have the right to know when authorities are monitoring their actions and conversations. Additionally, Snowden’s advocacy for the Tor browser is seen as a way to empower people to protect their online privacy.

Ultimately, the debate over Snowden’s actions revolves around an ethical dilemma, with privacy playing a central role in the discussion.

Which VPN is Best to Use with Tor?

Why ExtremeVPN is the Best VPN for Expats in 2023

Adding a VPN to your Tor usage is an effective strategy to increase your digital security and privacy. When you use Tor alongside a reliable VPN like ExtremeVPN, your online activities become invisible to governments, hackers, and Tor nodes. The process is simple – connect to ExtremeVPN and then launch the Tor browser to enjoy the combined benefits of Tor over VPN.


When seeking the best VPN to pair with Tor, ExtremeVPN is a top recommendation. Known for its remarkable speed, military-grade encryption, and extensive network of servers, ExtremeVPN leads the competition among its rivals. It goes the extra mile in protecting those exploring the dark web by offering DDoS protection and specialized “Onion over VPN” servers.


Employing Tor for online safety reasons is not against the law. The Tor browser allows users to access the internet anonymously, fostering a space for unrestricted exploration. Like any tool, how individuals utilize this access can vary, encompassing both positive and negative uses. While Tor permits access to criminal websites and dark web marketplaces, it equally serves as a crucial avenue for anonymously distributing vital information. Using Tor legally incurs no consequences as long as one’s online activities adhere to the law.


What exactly is Tor? Up
Tor is globally known as an initiative focused on preserving user privacy and enhancing online security. Its primary tool, the Tor browser, empowers users to navigate the web incognito and even gain access to the mysterious dark web. 
Is Tor browser legal? Up
Indeed, Tor is entirely legal as long as it isn’t used for illicit activities such as acquiring weapons or drugs. Engaging in routine internet browsing or streaming content through the Tor browser is unlikely to put you in any legal trouble.
What are some countries where Tor is restricted? Up
Certain nations, like China, Iran, Mongolia, South Africa, Russia, and a few others, have imposed restrictions on the Tor network. Using Tor within these countries might result in legal complications. 
Which VPN pairs best with Tor? Up
Combining Tor with ExtremeVPN is a smart move for absolute security and anonymity online. ExtremeVPN emerges as a top choice to complement Tor, offering both speed and an expansive server network. Notably, it features a dedicated .onion website, ensuring the anonymous download of VPN apps.

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Thomas is a talented writer and digital privacy fanatic. He loves exploring the world of cybersecuri...
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